ADO primary agriculture programmatic area composes two main big component of crop and livestock husbandry. Therefore, ADO focuses livestock and crop husbandry sectors differently to build the capacity of the rural poor community in Somaliland and enable rural communities sustain their livelihoods.
To meet the priority agriculture needs of the beneficiary community, ADO agriculture program lies under effective three years strategic plan with well-designed, and sustainable agriculture principles run by professional staff. ADO in partnership with the ministry of agriculture and international partners of INGOs and UN agencies sought to intervene the situation.
However, ADO integrates and diffuses good agriculture practices to the rural farmer communities through farmer inputs delivery, provision of agriculture extension packages, availing extension agents in field level and connection farmer communities together to have their voice collectively.
For the past two decades ADO had been dealing with provision of support and capacity building to the farmer communities in Somaliland. The mainly utilized approach for crop sector development is currently ‘’sustainable agriculture’’.
The term sustainable agriculture means “an integrated system of plant and animal production practices having a site-specific application that will, over the long term:
• Satisfy human food and fiber needs
• Enhance environmental quality and the natural resource base upon which the agricultural economy depends
• Make the most efficient use of non-renewable resources and on-farm resources and integrate, where appropriate, natural biological cycles and controls
• Sustain the economic viability of farm operations
• Enhance the quality of life for farmers and society as a whole.”
ADO deals with thousands of farmers in Somaliland whom their farming systems are different according to their geographic localities and cultural inheritance. However, these different farming systems are;
a) Rain-fed farming
b) Irrigated farming