The devastating civil war in the 1980s virtually scarred every aspect of the Somali people, destroying most of the country's basic infrastructure. The livelihood means and the absorptive capacity of communities – particularly the resilience and adaptability of basic services - were also shattered.
When the returnees came back home after the civil war had ended, they were faced with a very bleak future finding their houses and livelihoods destroyed. Durable reintegration projects tailored to their circumstances were urgently needed in order to avoid the returnee dependency
on relief and to smoothen up their transition into self-reliance and independency.
A community-based framework and life-sustaining assistance were specifically designed for the returnees to make them productive members of the society again. Those targeted in this project settled in Awdal, Maroodi-jeex, Sahil and Togdheer regions where agriculture is commonly practiced due to the favorable climatic and soil conditions. With the support of UNCHR, 15,950 households (an estimated 95,700 persons) were targeted and supported with the main objective of improving household food security and incomes through provision of essential farm inputs, rehabilitation of irrigation infrastructure, provision of farmer training sessions.
After the harvestocking of the main crop is over the livestock can graze on crop residues still left growing in the farmland earlier sown with maize and sorghum crops. As a result, this allows agro-pastoral communities owning livestock to benefit from the crop residues and stalks which they can then feed to their livestock as fodder while it is still fresh and nutritious. Accordingly, this gives agro-pastoral communities to have the advantage of gaining an added value to the cropping systems which include the plantation of crops that can be beneficial to both humans and livestock at the same time. A good example of the new multi purpose cropping patterns is highlighted in the above picture.