FINAL PROGRESS REPORT ON ENHANCE FOOD AND WATER SECURITY AT HAAHI PRIMARY BOARDING SCHOOL EDUCATION PROJECT FUNDED BY DF/SUMBUL July 01, 2012 – November 30, 2012
Haahi is a small rural town, located about 70 kilometers west of Burao town and is approximately 120 kilometers south east of Hargeisa, the capital city of Somaliland. The ecological and livelihood system of Haahi can be classified as pastoral and agro-pastoral ecosystems which support domestic livestock production and subsistence rain fed agriculture production. In the rain fed agriculture system the main produce are cereal crops. Agricultural production in Haahi dates back to the 1920s. At the time a small number of religious groups (Dariiqo) came together and setup Koranic schools and agricultural activities along the downstream delta of Daldawan Dry River from Golis mountains in Haahi town.
The nearest town to Haahi is Odweina which is only 25 kilometers away, and is the main administrative town of Daad Madheedh region. Haahi community is primarily composed of subsistence farmers who make up the majority of the population. There is also a large agro-pastoralist population and IDPs who account for a substantial percent of the target population who live in Haahi and the surrounding areas.
Generally, education is the most crucial component in rebuilding Somaliland, particularly in the rural areas where the majority of population has largely been deprived of education. The already surpassed carrying capacity of the rural environment to sustain traditional pastoralist and agricultural livelihoods has resulted in a high degree of urbanisation for economic reasons where most of the school age children moved to the towns to increase the burden of their relatives living in the towns. As vivid experiences indicated, the large numbers of the urban population originating from rural origins, especially youth in-fluxed to the towns, are now unemployable due to elevated illiteracy levels. If Haahi community remain in such situationit might not be able in the future to participate in high positions in governance structures, decision making and resource distribution, because these positions will only be filled by highly educated personnel, able to raise serious longer-term concerns on future plans for their communities.
The establishment of the primary boarding school was initially conceived by a group of intellectuals and educationists from the Diaspora. A well known Community Based Organization (CBO) as Sumbul based in Norway has been instrumental in promoting basic education among the poor, orphans and vulnerable groups within the rural community in Haahi locality and its surrounding communities in Togdheer region in the past. Ever since the establishment of the boarding school Sumbul has supported the school and its programs both financially and in providing technical support through its attachment. Bearing in mind this long term challenges, Haahi community organized to seek fund for at least establishment of primary school in their village. Substantial contribution has been collected from Diaspora groups originated from Haahi who are scattered all over the world through fundraising initiatives made by the community. Apart from the remarkable contribution to the school buildings made by the Diaspora, yet there is insurmountable challenges facing the running of the school. This is partly due to Diaspora financial exhaustion or partly due to the community economic problems. Despite this, the community has continued to provide substantial support at their level to the schools. Currently, Haahi school operates leastly due to the inadequate financial resource .
With the consequence of the above situation, ADO has proposed and implemented DF/Diaspora project aiming at ‘enhancing food and water security of Primary Boarding school in Haahi village". In the proposed project ADO envisages to rehabilitate an old Berkad. In the same regard ADO has established and revitalized the school farm. In order to improve irrigation efficiency of the school garden project has supported desilting of the nearby dam those is close to the farm and built a silt trap. Also around the dam small trees was planted to keep the sand from the surrounding areas entering the dam. The water stored in the dam used for irrigating the school farm. Moreover, ADO has constructed a dormitory hall with dimensions of 29 meters by 7 meters for sleeping purposes, and supplied beds, bed sheets, blankets, mosquito net. Similarly capacity building training workshops for both better agronomy practices and good governance were conducted for student and teachers population in order to achieve the project goals and outcomes.