Baseline study for ISF/ADO project: “Enhancing the food security of agro pastoral and pastoral community in Somaliland”
Somaliland is a predominantly dryland state, both hyper-arid and semi-arid and is traditionally agro-pastoral economy. The last 30 years, has witnessed a dramatic change in the socio-economy of this agro-pastoral economy. This is triggered by the breakdown of wet and dry seasons, grazing patterns, loss of the natural bio-diversity, recurring droughts, and change of land use. This in turn has had negative implications on crop and livestock production and subsequently negatively accelerated livelihood and poverty trends.Overtime, most people in rural areas turn to the excessive exploitation of the scarce natural resources, particularly charcoal production in order to generate supplementary income. Maintenance of sustainable livelihood systems in both agriculture and pastoral economy remains a key challenge to development agencies and stakeholders.
Despite the changes that have taken place over the years, still, agriculture is the second main productive sector accounting for 25% of employment and giving livelihood to about 60% of the rural population.
It is also noted that the majority of the self-employed in agriculture constitute the bulk of the rural poor. This calls for strategies that can address and tap the productivity and income generation potential in rural areas through community based people’s initiatives. In addition to farm based agriculture and horticulture related sectors, natural resources based products such as minerals, forest products, water, and soil also have potential for sustainable livelihood generation in Somaliland.
ADO in collaboration with ISF have planned a four- year development project intervention in Togdheer and Maroodi-jeex regions. The implementing agencies and ISF commissioned baseline study of the proposed project intervention in the target areas. The focus of the project intervention is to ensure sustainable utilization of natural resources and increase production mainly in the agriculture sector.
The objective of the study was to assess the baseline levels of each indicator derived from overall project goal, purpose, and the expected results. Further, the study was to ascertain and verify whether the indicators selected for each result is relevant or not. We were also required to review and update the project logical framework with the baseline level of indicators.